Bipolar research paper

Furthermore, questions remain as to whether or not childhood expressions of bipolarity are continuous with adult manifestations of the illness.Although there is a growing body of evidence that pertains to the acute monotherapy pharmacological treatment of pediatric bipolar illness, future studies are also needed to investigate various combination psychotropic treatments and adjunctive psychosocial therapies.Clozapine treatment of children and adolescents with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia: a clinical case series.Get the most out of Medical News Today. Bipolar News The latest bipolar research from prestigious universities and journals throughout the world.Content: Bipolar Disorder Name Institution Date Abstract Although bipolar disorder is mostly experienced by children and adolescences with family history of.

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For example, Tsuang and Faraone 31 found in adults that there was a higher risk of developing a mood disorder if a subject had relatives with an earlier age of onset of a mood disorder in comparison with subjects whose relatives had a later age of onset.Facial expression recognition in adolescents with mood and anxiety disorders.

A prospective open-label treatment trial of ziprasidone monotherapy in children and adolescents with bipolar disorder.DVPX, divalproex Maintenance treatments While bipolar disorder is a chronic condition, little attention has focused on long-term maintenance treatments in youth.Free essay on Bipolar Disorder Research Paper available totally free at echeat.com, the largest free essay community.

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Bipolar disorder is diagnosed if an episode of mania occurs whether depression has been diagnosed or not (Goodwin, Guze, 1989, p 11).For example, Tillman et al 18 found that almost 98% of 91 children and adolescents with a bipolar spectrum disorder examined also suffered from a comorbid psychiatric disorder.The Company, a partnership between Peter Stewart (Chairman), Paul Hoo (Deputy Chairman.Moreover, 27.7% of adults reported that they experienced their first mood episode before the age of 13 years. 28.Children and adolescents diagnosed with a bipolar (BP) disorder face substantial obstacles.Recently, other treatment options have been explored in pediatric bipolarity.In addition, Blumberg et al 65 found adults and adolescents with bipolar disorder have decreased volumes of the medial temporal lobe structures, especially in the amygdala in comparison with subjects without a psychiatric diagnosis.Free Bipolar papers, essays, and research papers. These results are sorted by most relevant first (ranked search).

Psychosocial treatments Favorable results in the treatment of bipolar disorder are not limited to medication trials.Dickstein DP., Rich BA., Binstock AB., et al. Comorbid anxiety in phenotypes of pediatric bipolar disorder.Looking for topics to write about for a depression research paper.

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Other studies have found that youths with bipolar disorder exhibit less cognitive flexibility in adapting to changing contingencies in cognitive testing. 77, 79 Pavuluri et al 80 found evidence to suggest that activation patterns in brain regions are different in pediatric bipolar patients in comparison with healthy controls when subjects observed angry and happy faces.Bipolar Disorder can be a very scary thing for people to go through.REFERENCES 1. Geller B., Bolhofner K., Craney JL., Williams M., DelBello MP., Gundersen K.Mood disorders in children and adolescents: an epidemiologic perspective.In the hope of reducing the substantive sequelae associated with this condition, research has begun to examine how best to recognize early-onset bipolar disorder in children and effectively treat these patients earlier in their course of illness.

Bipolar Disorder term papers available at Planet Papers.com, the largest free term paper community.Although elevated mood is a distinguishing symptom in pediatric bipolarity, youths with bipolar disorders have been shown to exhibit substantive rates of aggression and irritability. 13, 15, 16 For instance, Danielyan et al 9 found that 88.5% of their sample reported aggression and 84.6% reported irritability.

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For example, Rich et al 78 found that youths with bipolar disorder have less functional connectivity in areas that may be involved in processing facial expressions and emotional stimuli.It aims to elicit the causes of the disease, describe its psychopathology and.

Bipolar Disorder Essay

Review of studies of child and adolescent offspring of bipolar parents.Efficacy of quetiapine in children and adolescents with bipolar mania: a 3-week, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial.

In fact, it is possible that it is this symptom overlap that may account for the differences between the past and present rates at which the diagnosis of bipolarity is given to children and adolescents.

Stem Cell Research in Bipolar Disorder - Prechter Bipolar

Moreover, the mood state of the initial mood episode has been found to influence time until symptom remission.

This paper reflects the research and thoughts of a student at the time the paper was written for a course at Bryn Mawr. bipolar disorder and bipolar II disorder.Psychosocial functioning in a prepubertal and early adolescent bipolar disorder phenotype.Farchione TR., Birmaher B., Axelson D., et al. Aggression, hostility, and irritability in children at risk for bipolar disorder.Bipolar Disorder Research Paper The phenomenon of bipolar affective disorder has been a mystery since the 16th century.Child- and family-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy for pediatric bipolar disorder: development and preliminary results.In addition, Geller et al 21 reported that in youths experiencing mania, manic episodes lasted approximately an average of 80 weeks in duration.Psychiatric phenomenology of child and adolescent bipolar offspring.Ages of onset and rates of syndromal and subsyndromal comorbid DSMIV diagnoses in a prepubertal and early adolescent bipolar disorder phenotype.

Moreover, abnormalities in the amygdala-striatal-ventral prefrontal cortex circuit, which is involved with mood regulation, have been found in pediatric bipolar disorder (review in ref 66).

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Because bipolar disorder has such debilitating symptoms, it is imperative that we remain vigilant in the quest for explanations of its causes and treatment.However, these symptoms are also characteristic of a disruptive behavior disorder (DBD).For instance, Strober et al 37 reported that adolescent patients who presented initially in a manic or mixed episode had a shorter time until mood stabilization in comparison with patients who experienced a depressive mood episode initially.

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These episodes may alternate with profound depressions characterized by a pervasive sadness, almost inability to move, hopelessness, and disturbances in appetite, sleep, in concentrations and driving.Pediatric bipolar disorder: phenomenology and course of illness.Clinical characteristics of bipolar disorder in very young children.Although the results of the abovementioned open-label trials are promising, randomized, placebo-controlled trials in children and adolescents are needed to provide more definitive results.Comorbidity In addition to mood episodes and their associated symptoms, adults and children with bipolar disorder also have been reported to experience high rates of comorbid psychiatric diagnoses.As might be expected, children and adolescents diagnosed with a bipolar disorder and a comorbid psychiatric diagnosis have a more complicated clinical presentation, and often have confounding issues that need to be addressed in treatment.Furthermore, as children appear to experience more elevated mood and irritability in comparison with adults who report more depressive symptoms, future longitudinal examinations may provide answers to the question of whether or not symptoms of childhood bipolarity evolve into more adult-like presentations over time.